since 1996 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engine
+ 4. Cooling systems, heating and ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. System of ignition
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Power shafts
+ 10. Brake system
- 11. Suspension bracket and steering
11.1. Technical data
11.2. Rotary fists
11.3. Replacement of forward hug bearings
11.4. The lobby is resistant
11.5. Repair of a forward rack
11.6. Lower lever of a forward suspension bracket
11.7. Lower spherical hinge of a forward suspension bracket
11.8. Stabilizer of cross stability of a forward suspension bracket
11.9. Coulisse of the stabilizer of cross stability of a forward suspension bracket
11:10. Lower frame of a forward suspension bracket
11:11. Nave of a back wheel
11:12. Replacement of bearings of a back nave
11:13. Shock-absorber of a back suspension bracket
11:14. Cylindrical spring of a back suspension bracket
11:15. Pin of a nave of a back suspension bracket
11:16. Lower lever of a back suspension bracket
11:17. Top lever of a back suspension bracket
11:18. The directing lever of a back suspension bracket
11:19. Draft of a back suspension bracket
11:20. Stabilizer of cross stability of a back suspension bracket
11:21. Coulisse of the stabilizer of cross stability of a back suspension bracket
11:22. Steering wheel
11:23. Steering column
11:24. Intermediate shaft of a steering column
11:25. Ignition lock
11:26. Steering mechanism
11:27. Replacement of protective covers of the steering mechanism
11:28. Removal of air from system of steering with the amplifier
11:29. Pump of the amplifier of steering
11:30. Spherical hinge of steering draft
11:31. Steering draft
11:32. Angles of installation of wheels
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
+ 14. Main malfunctions
Adjustment of a wheel due to easing and turn of an internal hinged bolt
The angles of installation of wheels considerably influence stability of the car, wear of tires and fuel consumption. Distinguish the following angles of installation of wheels.
Disorder is an inclination of a wheel in the vertical plane of rather average line of the car. It can be positive if wheels are inclined outside, or negative if wheels are inclined inside. The disorder corner, generally influences uniformity of wear of tires of forward wheels. If disorder of one wheel positive, and another negative, then takes away the car aside at the movement on a straight line.
Convergence – side distance between wheels. The positive convergence means that wheels are in front located more closely to each other, than behind, at measurement at height of an average point of a wheel. The negative convergence means that wheels in front are at bigger distance from each other, than behind.
CROSS INCLINATION OF THE AXIS OF TURN
The cross inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel is a corner between the axis of an inclination of a rotary fist and a vertical which is carried out through a point of fastening of a wheel, looking in the longitudinal direction of the car.
At the expense of corners of disorder and a cross inclination of an axis of turn of a point of a contact of wheels with the road settle down closer to an axis of a rotary fist. It supports a so-called "shoulder of a running in". The "running in shoulder" is less, the driving is easier. Also blows from roughness of a covering are less transferred to steering.
CORNER OF THE LONGITUDINAL INCLINATION OF THE AXIS OF TURN
The corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn – an axis concerning which there is a turn of a wheel is placed in space so that its lower part is inclined forward. Such corner of a longitudinal inclination is called positive. At positive value of a corner self-return of a wheel to average situation after turn improves.
Check and adjustment of angles of installation of wheels need to be made at the station, in connection with complexity of the used equipment.
Conditions of check of angles of installation of wheels:
– pressure in tires has to meet standard;
– the car has to be installed on a plain horizontal surface;
– the car has to be empty, with the fuel tank filled half;
– before check of angles of installation of wheels, shake a car body;
– steering has to be serviceable and correctly adjusted;
– in drafts of steering there has to be no side play;
– in a suspension bracket of wheels there has to be no side play.